What is Blepharoplasty?
Blepharoplasty generally refers to all surgical techniques involving the removal of redundant skin and muscle in the eyelid, with or without removal of the orbital fat. Can be classified into:
1. Upper Blepharoplasty:
In General, the upper eyelid blepharoplasty involves removing redundant skin, along with the withdrawal of a portion of the orbital septum, orbicular muscle and fat preaponeurótica. However, variations of this technique can be made based on the patient and the Surgeon.
2. Lower Blepharoplasty:
The lower eyelid blepharoplasty includes several surgical procedures procedure to remove excess skin, fat and muscle, individually or jointly.
Blepharoplasty corrects the excess skin, muscle and fat on the eyelids, as well as improve its position. The surgical treatment, most often, is done through cuts in the Groove of the upper eyelid and on the line just below the eyelashes on the lower eyelid, with small lateral extensions accompanying natural existing wrinkles. The skin and muscle are removed and fat herniada is treated. In the end, the skin is sutured and accommodates the new structure.
ANESTHESIA AND SURGERY DURATION
The surgery can be performed under local anesthesia, local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. The election of one or other technique depends on the experience of the medical team and the complexity of the operation. In our experience, the intervention lasts between 40 to 60 minutes. There are two basic types of surgery.
If you’re aware of what you want to and if the surgeon you can deliver what you asked for, without doubt worth it. However, it is important to take into consideration the fact that the eyelid surgery does not provide general rejuvenation of the face, when performed alone. Many patients expect this result (rejuvenation) with blepharoplasty. The plastic surgeon just improve this territory undermined by pre-existing aesthetic defects. The rejuvenation of the face implicates other conducts associated to blepharoplasty. The “Crow’s feet”, even if properly operated, never disappear, getting even the stigma, due to the action of orbicular muscle and loss of skin elasticity.
CARE IN THE POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD
The patient sits with a small bandage. A think of the points, which is taken out in four to six days. Postoperative care vary according to the magnitude of the procedures carried out.
There will always be a greater swelling during the first two days, which will gradually decrease. In General, seven to ten days is long enough for the patient to return to its social and labour activities. It is important to note that healing and accommodation changes of tissues in your new location below for some more time. At least three months are required to observe the final result of the treatment.
WHAT ARE THE MOST FREQUENT PROBLEMS THAT CAN APPEAR IN A BLEPHAROPLASTY?
When eyelid surgery is performed by a qualified plastic surgeon, complications are infrequent and usually minor. Nevertheless, there is always a possibility of complications, including infection or a reaction to the anesthesia. We can reduce their risk with a good pre-operative evaluation and following strictly the guidelines of the surgeon. With this care, the risks are very low. Minor complications that occasionally occur after blepharoplasty include: blurred vision or duplicated for a few days; temporary oedema in the corner of the eyelids; and a slight asymmetry. Eyelash changes may also occur. Edema and ecchymoses (bruises) are transitory. Whatever the type of complication, it’s important to be calm and understanding, trusting the doctor the res-responsibility of the solution to the problem. Comments with friends or family members, in addition to not help, may create a situation of unrest. The emergence of some of the problems mentioned above is part of the so-called “calculated risk”, which applies to any type of surgery. Their occurrence, fortunately, is not common and usually does not compromise the results definitely.